IiA Mapping Project The IIA Mapping Project is a cooperative initiative between UNCTAD and universities around the world to represent the content of II A. The resulting database serves as a tool to understand trends in CEW development, assess the prevalence of different policy approaches, and identify examples of contracts. The Mapping of IIA Content allows you to browse the results of the project (the page will be regularly updated as new results become available). Please mention: UNCTAD, Mapping of IIA Content, available investmentpolicy.unctad.org/international-investment-agreements/iia-mapping More information: Mapping Project Page Project Description – Methodology document The agreement contained several constitutional amendments that came into force after President Hrawi signed in September 1990. Among the main changes: the treaty was conceived by the President of the Parliament, Hussein El-Husseini, and negotiated in Ta`if, Saudi Arabia, by the surviving members of the Lebanese Parliament of 1972.  The agreement came into force with active mediation by Saudi Arabia, the discreet participation of the United States and the influence behind the scenes of Syria.  According to As`ad AbuKhalil and many Lebanese Christians, the agreement has significantly reduced the power of the President to the Council of Ministers, although the question of whether this power has been transferred to the Council as a whole or to the Prime Minister is being discussed. As in most parliamentary republics, the President, who mentioned an important executive power before the agreement, was reduced to a figurehead with no real and/or considerable power. He also stressed that the agreement had extended the mandate of the Lebanese parliament spokesman from one year to four years, although the position remains “largely devoid of useful authority”.  When the peace talks between Israel and Syria failed because of the way they withdrew to the Golan Heights, Barak decided to withdraw without agreement, leading many people, especially in the Arab world, to consider this a victory for Hezbollah, which had waged a long guerrilla campaign against Israeli forces. As a result, Lebanon and Israel are formally at war and Lebanon officially refuses to recognize Israel as a state.