Afghanistan has bilateral agreements with countries and the following blocs: Beyond the impressive increase in trade and investment flows, tourism and student exchanges, Taipei can report progress in bilateral trade and diplomatic engagement. The new bilateral investment agreement signed with the Philippines in December 2017 is a remarkable achievement under the Tsai government. The investment contract of the two countries had not been revised since 1992. The Tsai administration now wants to sign similar revised agreements with other NSP countries, including Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam and India.32 As Taiwanese Deputy Minister for Economy Wang Mei-hua said in an interview with the Taipei Times: “We hope that the acquis with the Philippines will inspire other Southeast Asian countries to renew their investment agreements with Taiwan.” Taipei had already entered into investment contracts with most of these countries in the mid-1990s. Finally, the plan calls on Taiwanese to “systematize bilateral and multilateral cooperation with partner countries, while strengthening negotiations and dialogue” within the framework of “forging regional ties.” This cooperation includes monitoring updated investment agreements and trade agreements. It also explicitly refers to “official and informal cooperation platforms between Taiwan and Japan” and “a platform for economic and trade cooperation between Taiwan and Singapore.” Turkey has bilateral and multilateral agreements with: The NSP countries have reacted in terms of in-kind contributions: the group`s foreign investment has increased by almost 25% in 2017. 16 ASEAN also outperforms other NSP countries such as India, Australia and New Zealand: in 2017, Singapore and Malaysia were responsible for the flows of $138.32 million and $74.26 million. By comparison, India contributed $2.57 million, while Australia invested $46.73 million in Taiwan`s economy.17 While it is difficult to isolate the impact of the NSP on Taiwanese trade and investment, the trend line of economic engagement with NSP countries is positive. An interactive list of bilateral and multilateral free trade instruments can be find on the TREND Analytics website.  Taiwanese political analysts recognize that China is a major obstacle to further progress in the integration of NSPs in trade and investment, as well as in educational exchanges and tourism. Taipei scholars did not hesitate to share their thoughts on the “China factor” and its impact on Taiwan`s policy of engagement under the NSP. Beijing has systematically undermined Taipei`s efforts to conclude bilateral investment and free trade agreements with regional partners.