From 30 November to 11 December 2015, France hosted representatives from 196 countries at the United Nations Climate Change Conference, one of the largest and most ambitious global climate meetings ever held. The goal was nothing less than a binding, universal agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions to levels that would prevent global temperatures from rising more than 2°C (3.6°F) above the baseline temperature set before the start of the Industrial Revolution. But activists aren`t the only ones who want climate protection. According to a September 2019 survey in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Brazil, France and Poland, climate change ranks ahead of migration and terrorism as the most important issue in the world. ==References=====External links===In an April 2020 survey, two out of three Americans are at least “somewhat concerned” about global warming; the majority of Republicans and Democrats support U.S. participation in the Paris Climate Agreement. The Paris Agreement is a historic environmental agreement adopted by almost all countries in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative impacts. The agreement aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit the increase in global temperature this century to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while looking for ways to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees. The agreement contains commitments from all major emitting countries to reduce their pollution from climate change and to strengthen these commitments over time. The Compact provides a means for developed countries to assist developing countries in their mitigation and adaptation efforts, and provides a framework for transparent monitoring, reporting and strengthening of countries` individual and collective climate goals.
Another key difference between the Paris Agreement and the Kyoto Protocol lies in their areas of application. Although the Kyoto Protocol has distinguished between Annex 1 and non-Annex 1 countries, this ramification is unclear in the Paris Agreement, as all parties must submit emission reduction plans.  While the Paris Agreement still emphasizes the principle of “shared but differentiated responsibility and capabilities” – the recognition that different countries have different climate action capabilities and obligations – it does not provide for a specific separation between developed and developing countries.  It therefore seems that negotiators will have to continue to address this issue in future rounds of negotiations, even if the discussion on differentiation could take on a new dynamic.  At the country level, the Paris Agreement also sets out specific requirements for mitigation, adaptation, cooperation, transparency, etc. […].