10. Consider the following statement (s) on the Air Protection (Pollution Prevention and Control) Act 1981. The massive interest and participation of nations and non-governmental organizations at the Earth Summit has shown a change in attitude towards the environment. Scientific discoveries in the second half of the 20th century showed that human activity polluted the environment. Scientific knowledge has also shown that the pollution and depletion of natural resources that have occurred in one country could have a profound impact on the environment of other nations or on the entire planet. At the Earth Summit, heads of state and government from around the world developed plans and strategies for environmental protection involving national and local governments and NGOs. Most VitalSource eBooks books are available in a reflowable EPUB format that allows you to customize the size of the text and use other means of entry. If the content of the eBook requires a particular layout or contains mathematics or other special characters, the eBook is available in PDF format (PBK) that cannot be reflowed. For both formats, the functionality available depends on how you access the e-book (via Bookshelf online in your browser or via the Bookshelf app on your PC or mobile device). The most important documents that were adopted at the Earth Summit are the following. The Convention on Biological Diversity is a binding treaty that requires nations to remove inventories of their plants and wildlife and protect their endangered species. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a binding treaty that requires nations to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other “greenhouse gases” that are supposed to be responsible for global warming; However, the treaty has not set binding emission reduction targets.

These objectives were finally defined in an amendment to the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol (1997), which was replaced by the Paris Agreement on Climate Change (2015). The Declaration on Environment and Development (Rio Declaration) established 27 general and non-binding principles for environmentally friendly development. Agenda 21 outlined global strategies for environmental rehabilitation and the promotion of environmentally friendly development.